Geno Washington & The Ram Jam Band 1967-1968

Geno Washington & the Ram Jam Band Late 1967
Geno Washington & The Ram Jam Band, late 1967.
Clockwise from front, Peter Carney, Geno Washington, Hans Herbert, John Culley, Dave Greenslade, Clive Burrows and Lionel Kingham (photo from Buddy Beadle).

Geno Washington & The Ram Jam Band
(April 1967-April 1968)

Geno Washington – lead vocals
John ‘Silkie’ Culley – lead guitar
Dave Greenslade – organ (replaced John Carroll who played a few weeks)
Peter Carney – bass
Lionel ‘Rocky’ Kingham – tenor saxophone
Clive ‘Hercules’ Burrows – baritone saxophone
Hans Herbert – drums

Melody Maker announced that three (of the original) members (Pete Gage, Geoff Pullum and Herb Prestidge) had left in mid-April 1967 and Geno Washington would be replacing them the same week. The revised line up (deputy musicians alongside surviving members) was due to play its debut on 19 April (Wednesday).

NME also noted that three original members had left the week ending 22 April. It reported that Geno Washington had taken on deputy musicians until permanent replacements could be found as commitments would not be interrupted.

Guitarist John Culley confirmed from his diary that he played his debut on 26 April (with John Carroll on organ) after auditioning at the Ram Jam in Brixton a day or two beforehand (24 April is the most plausible date) so deputy musicians were definitely used in the interim.

The personnel changes were subsequently announced in South East London Mercury on 18 May 1967. NME announced the Dave Greenslade line-up above in the week ending 6 May, so it seems that John Carroll did play a few weeks before Greenslade joined after honouring his commitments with Chris Farlowe & The Thunderbirds.

Keyboard player John Carroll knew bass player Peter Carney from The Flexmen and The London Beats during 1963-1965. He also briefly played with Carney in Tony Knight’s Chessmen in 1966 before joining The New Pirates in February 1967. Carroll had commitments with The Flower Pot Men and later went on to play with Herbie Goins & The Night-Timers and The Flirtations on Stevie Wonder’s UK tour.

Guitarist John Culley had formed The Hi-Grades in spring 1962 alongside guitarist Glen Desmier, bass player Mike Watson drummer Phil Wainman and others. After backing singer Michael Holliday in Jersey the following summer (as Mike Twain & The Hi-Grades), the musicians moved to Sweden in June 1964 and recorded for Sonet. They also backed other artists on recordings for the label. In 1965, Tony Walter replaced Phil Wainman on drums and the musicians toured Denmark, briefly working as The Dynamiters and backing singer Swedish Jerry Williams before Culley returned to the UK in late 1965.

Culley next moved to Paris to work with French singer Ronnie Bird until auditioning for Geno Washington in April 1967. Peter Carney brought his old friend Pete Ross from The Flexmen along to the Ram Jam audition but John Culley got the job.

Drummer Hans Herbert, who’d played with Peter Carney and John Carroll in The Flexmen, had gone on to work with The Just Four and The Guests during 1965-1966 before playing with The All Night Workers from October 1966.

Keyboard player Dave Greenslade was a longstanding member of Chris Farlowe & The Thunderbirds (who’d gigged with the original Ram Jam Band on numerous occasions), having briefly worked with Clive Burrows in the Wes Minister Five in 1964.

After Greenslade joined, the new Ram Jam Band (with a session bass player, possibly Tony Reeves) recorded and released two singles – “She Shot a Hole In My Soul” c/w “I’ve Been Hurt By Love” (Piccadilly 7N 35392), released in June 1967; and “Different Strokes” c/w “You Got Me Hummin’” (Pye 7N 17425), released in December 1967. For the “Different Strokes” session, noted session player Harry Stoneham arranged the track and added keyboards alongside Greenslade.

With Peter Carney on bass, they also cut the remainder of the tracks on the second LP, Hipsters, Flipsters, Finger-Poppin’ Daddies! (Piccadilly NPL/NSPL 38032), which was released in September 1967 and peaked at #8 in the UK charts. Later that year, the band recorded a studio album, Shake a Tail Feather Baby! (Piccadilly NPL/NSPL 38029), which was issued in January 1968.

“Different Strokes” and “You Got Me Hummin’” also appeared on a second EP, “Different Strokes” (Pye NEP 24293), which also included the tracks “I’m Your Puppet” and “Use Me”. The former was cut earlier in the year by the Pete Gage formation.

Selected gigs:
19 April 1967 – College of Commerce students’ Union, Hull, Humberside (Skyline Ballroom) with Tony Rivers & The Castaways, The Amboy Dukes, The Locomotion and The Jamm
22 April 1967 – Twisted Wheel, Manchester
23 April 1967 – Plaza, Newbury, Berkshire
(Please note: above gigs may not have happened but if they did, they were with deputy musicians)

24/25 April – Auditions at Ram Jam, Brixton bring in John Carroll and John Culley

26 April 1967 – Top Rank, Croydon, Surrey with Davey Sands & The Essex (Carroll and Culley’s debut)
27 April 1967 – Locarno Ballroom, Swindon, Wiltshire
28 April 1967 – Chelmsford Corn Exchange, Chelmsford, Essex (not in John Culley’s diary)
28 April 1967 – Shoreline, Bognor Regis, West Sussex
29 April 1967 – Floral Hall, Southport, Lancashire
30 April 1967 – Beau Brummel Club, Nantwich, Cheshire

1 May 1967 – Top Rank, Watford, Hertfordshire
2 May 1967 – High Wycombe Town Hall, Buckinghamshire
4 May 1967 – Bowes Lyon House, Stevenage, Hertfordshire
5 May 1967 – Southampton Guildhall, Southampton, Hants
6 May 1967 – Chelmsford Corn Exchange, Chelmsford, Essex
7 May 1967 – NME Poll Winners’ Show, Empire Pool, Wembley, Middlesex with Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Titch, Cream, Dusty Springfield, Georgie Fame & The Blue Flames, The Beach Boys, Paul Jones, Lulu, The Move, The Small Faces, The Spencer Davis Group, The Alan Price Set, Cat Stevens, The Troggs and others

16 May – Recording at Pye

17 May 1967 – Top Rank, Doncaster, South Yorkshire (also TV appearance)
18 May 1967 – Locarno Ballroom, Coventry, West Midlands
19 May 1967 – Starlite Ballroom, Greenford, Middlesex
20 May 1967 – Toft’s, Folkestone, Kent
21 May 1967 – Ricky Tick, Newbury, Berkshire
22 May 1967 – California Ballroom, Dunstable, Bedfordshire with The Penny Blacks

25 May 1967 – Recording at Pye

26 May 1967 – Pavilion Ballroom, Weymouth, Dorset
27 May 1967 – Winter Gardens Pavilion, Weston-Super-Mare, Somerset
28 May 1967 – Ram Jam, Brixton with The Hunky Chunk Band
29 May 1967 – Tulip Bulp Auction Hall, Spalding, Lincolnshire with Jimi Hendrix Experience, Cream, The Move, Zoot Money and Pink Floyd

31 May – Recording at Pye

1 June 1967 – Salisbury City Hall, Salisbury, Wiltshire with Combustion
2 June 1967 – Ricky Tick, Hounslow, Middlesex
3 June 1967 – Morley Town Hall, Morley, West Yorkshire with Bobby Johnson & The Atoms
4 June 1967 – Agincourt Ballroom, Camberley, Surrey
6 June 1967 – Britannia Ballroom, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
10 June 1967 – Carlton Ballroom, Erdington, West Midlands
11 June 1967 – Redcar Jazz Club, Coatham Hotel, Redcar, North Yorkshire
13 June 1967 – Caius College, Cambridge University, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire with Chris Farlowe & The Thunderbirds

16 June 1967 – Bird Cage, Portsmouth, Hants
17 June 1967 – Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire
18 June 1967 – Britannia Pier, Great Yarmouth, Norfolk
26 June 1967 – St Luke’s College, Exeter University, Exeter, Devon
27 June 1967 – Queen’s Hall, Barnstaple, Devon
29 June 1967 – Scotch Club, Torquay, Devon
30 June 1967 – St George’s Hall, Exeter, Devon

1 July 1967 – Ritz Ballroom, Bournemouth, Dorset
2 July 1967 – Khyber Club, Taunton, Somerset
3 July 1967 – Bath Pavilion, Bath, Somerset
4 July 1967 – Winter Gardens, Malvern, Worcestershire
6 July 1967 – Flamingo Ballroom, Redruth, Cornwall with Julian Covey Machine
9 July 1967 – Ram Jam, Brixton
11 July 1967 – Torquay Town Hall, Torquay, Devon
12 July 1967 – Bal Tabarin, Downham, Kent

13 July 1967 – Recorded for Top of the Pops (according to John Culley’s diary)
(Note: This may have been same show that was aired on 1 September and also included The Action, Pinkerton’s Assorted Colours and Matt Munroe)

15 July 1967 – Twisted Wheel, Manchester
18 July 1967 – Marquee, London with The Amboy Dukes
19 July 1967 – Ram Jam, Brixton (recorded promo video at Battersea Park earlier in the day)
21 July 1967 – Casino Club, Burnley, Lancashire with Sisters of Idle Dreams
22 July 1967 – Floral Hall, Southport, Lancashire

24 July 1967 – Recorded for BBC in Manchester (Pop North)

25 July 1967 – Left for Scottish tour that lasted until 29 July
28 July 1967 – Ballerina Ballroom, Nairn, Scotland

3 August 1967 – Locarno Ballroom, Streatham, London
5 August 1967 – New Cornish Riveria, St Austell, Cornwall with The Harlequins
7 August 1967 – Birmingham Roller Rink, Birmingham (also BBC recordings Monday Monday)
8 August 1967 – Sherwood Rooms, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire
10 August 1967 – Locarno, Bristol, Avon
11 August 1967 – Locarno, Basildon, Essex
16 August 1967 – Seagull Ballroom, Ryde Pier Head, Isle of Wight
17 August 1967 – Locarno, Portsmouth, Hants

18 August 1967 – Flew to Spain
19 August 1967 – Tiffany’s Ballroom, Barcelona, Spain (also play gigs at Platja D’aro)

22 August 1967 – Spinning Disc, Leeds, West Yorkshire
24 August 1967 – Locarno Ballroom, Coventry, West Midlands
25 August 1967 – Gaiety, Grimsby, South Yorkshire
26 August 1967 – Ram Jam, Brixton
28 August 1967 – Hastings Festival, Hastings, East Sussex with The Kinks, Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick & Tich, The Crazy World of Arthur Brown, Robb Storme & The Whispers, Winston’s Fumbs and Hip Hooray Band
30 August 1967 – Locarno, Stevenage, Hertfordshire
31 August 1967 – Pavilion, Southampton, Hants

1 September 1967 – Botwell Community Centre, Hayes, Middlesex
4 September 1967 – Queen’s Ballroom, Wolverhampton, West Midlands with Robert Plant & The Band of Joy

5 September 1967 – BBC Saturday Club appearance

7 September 1967 – Skyline Ballroom, Hull, Humberside
8 September 1967 – Boulevard Club, Tadcaster, North Yorkshire and then Crystal Ballroom, Castleford, West Yorkshire
9 September 1967 – Floral Hall, Southport, Lancashire
12 September 1967 – Palais, Ilford, Essex
13 September 1967 – Orchid Ballroom, Purley, Surrey (short holiday after this)
28 September 1967 – Assembly Hall, Worthing, West Sussex

30 September 1967 – Band flies to Copenhagen for short Scandinavian tour, sharing some dates with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and Frank Zappa’s Mothers of Invention

30 September 1967 – ‘Love Out’, Brondby Pop Club, Brondby, Denmark with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers, Hurdy Gurdy and R&B Section

3-4 October 1967 – Star Club, Copenhagen, Denmark
7 October 1967 – Idrotthuset, Orebro, Sweden with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers, Blues Quality and The Quints
8 October 1967 – Jernvallen, Sandviken, Sweden with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and Two Good Reasons
10 October 1967 – Konserthuset, Stockholm, Sweden with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and The Defenders
17 October 1967 – Marquee, London with The Amboy Dukes
29 October 1967 – Starlite Ballroom, Greenford, Middlesex with The All-Nite Workers

18 November 1967 – Twisted Wheel, Manchester

2 December 1967 – Imperial Ballroom, Nelson, Lancashire
30 December 1967 – Starlight Room, Boston, Lincolnshire with Ebony Keys and The Lost

Geno Washington & the Ram Jam Band Live
Geno Washington & the Ram Jam Band Live, Late 1967/1968.
Left to right: Peter Carney, John Culley, Geno Washington and Clive Burrows (photo from Peter Carney).

4 January 1968 – Locarno Ballroom, Portsmouth, Hants
5 January 1968 – Royal Ballroom, Tottenham, London
7 January 1968 – Starlight Ballroom, Crawley, West Sussex
9 January 1968 – Bluesology Festival, Chateau Impney, Droitwich Spa, Worcestershire with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers, Joe Cocker, Cliff Bennett & The Rebel Rousers and Duster Bennett
9 January 1968 – Marquee, London with Ferris Wheel
10 January 1968 – Pavilion, Southampton, Hants
11 January 1968 – Locarno Ballroom, Streatham, London
13 January 1968 – Floral Hall, Southport, Lancashire
19 January 1968 – Queen’s Hall, Burslem, Staffordshire with The Iveys
20 January 1968 – Twisted Wheel, Manchester
30 January 1968 – Palais, Ilford, Kent
31 January 1968 – Locarno, Stevenage, Hertfordshire

2 February 1968 – New Central Pier, Morecombe, Lancashire
15 February 1968 – Zodiac Club, Eden Park Hotel, Beckenham, Kent (replacing Georgie Fame)
16 February 1968 – Top Rank Suite, Swansea
17 February 1968 – Corn Exchange, Chelmsford, Essex with Simon K & The Meantimers

2 March 1968 – Winter Gardens, Weston-Super-Mare, Somerset
3 March 1968 – Starlight Ballroom, Crawley, West Sussex
11 March 1968 – Locarno Ballroom, Glasgow
23 March 1968 – Twisted Wheel, Manchester

11 April 1968 – Eden Park Hotel, Beckenham, Kent
12 April 1968 – Imperial Ballroom, Nelson, Lancashire

Geno Washington & The Ram Jam Band
(April 1968-July 1968)

Geno Washington – lead vocals
Dave Greenslade – organ
John ‘Silkie’ Culley – lead guitar
Peter Carney – bass
Lionel ‘Rocky’ Kingham – tenor saxophone
Pat Higgs – trumpet
Hans Herbert – drums

Clive Burrows left around April 1968 and the band took on trumpet player Pat Higgs, a former member of Elton John’s mid-1960s band, Bluesology and then a brief member of Hamilton & The Hamilton Movement.

This version of the band was responsible for a lone single, “I Can’t Quit Her” c/w Carney and Culley’s “Put Out The Fire Baby” (Pye 7N 17570), which was released in July 1968.

Selected gigs:
11 May 1968 – Bouton Rouge, Paris, France (filmed for French TV). According to Birmingham Evening Mail, they played The Swan, Yardley, West Midlands with The Magazine on this day
16 May 1968 – Black Prince, Bexley, Kent
17 May 1968 – Mayfair, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear
18 May 1968 – Pavilion Gardens, Buxton, Derbyshire
22 May 1968 – Top Rank, Reading, Berkshire
24 May 1968 – Town Hall, Walsall, West Midlands
25 May 1968 – Civic Hall, Nantwich, Cheshire with Jaytree Organisation
31 May 1968 – Winter Gardens, Blackpool, Lancashire

6 June 1968 – Locarno Ballroom, Portsmouth, Hants
12 June 1968 – Locarno Ballroom, Stevenage, Hertfordshire
13 June 1968 – Locarno Ballroom, Coventry, West Midlands
14 June 1968 – Club A Go Go, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear

21 June 1968 – Burton Constable Hall, Skirlaugh, East Yorkshire with Savoy Brown Blues Band, The Move, Marmalade, Family, Fairport Convention, Spooky Tooth, Tramline, Elmer Gantry, Mandrakes and Angel Pavement

4 July 1968 – Dreamland Ballroom, Margate, Kent with The Iveys
6 July 1968 – Woburn Music Festival, Woburn, Bedfordshire with Jimi Hendrix Experience, T-Rex, Family, New Formula and Little Women

Sources: South East London Mercury, Melody Maker, NME, Newcastle Evening Chronicle, Nottingham Evening Post, West Briton & Royal Cornwall Gazette, Cornish Guardian, Dave Allen (Bird Cage gigs), Steve Ingless (Bishop’s Stortford), Fabulous 208.

Huge thanks to Peter Carney, John Culley (who shared his 1967 diary) and John Carroll for helping with line ups

Internet sources:

Copyright © Nick Warburton, 2014. All Rights Reserved. No part of this article may be reproduced or transmitted in any from or by any means, without prior permission from the author. To contact the author, email:

24 thoughts on “Geno Washington & The Ram Jam Band 1967-1968”

  1. Found a few more missing gigs for 1967 in Fabulous 208 magazine this evening.

    21 April 1967 – Boulevard Club, Tadcaster and Crystal Ballroom, Castleford on the same day. This would have been with the deputy musicians before John Culley and Dave Greenslade joined.

    10 June 1967 – band was billed to play a second date after the Carlton Ballroom at the Gaeity Ballroom, Ramsey, Cambridgeshire. This was not in John Culley’s diary so may not have happened.

    Also in June the group apparently played at the Bag O’Nails in Soho. Again, this isn’t listed in the diary.

  2. I found the following Geno Washington & The Ram Jam Band gigs in Fabulous 208 magazine, which are missing from the above lists.

    11 July 1967 – Locarno Ballroom, Basildon, Essex (missing from John Culley’s diary)
    12 July 1967 – Supreme Ballroom, Ramsgate, Kent (missing from John Culley’s diary)
    17 July 1967 – Locarno Ballroom, Portsmouth, Hampshire (missing from John Culley’s diary)

    1 August 1967 – Sherwood Rooms, Nottingham with Shades of Gray (missing from John Culley’s diary)

    1 September 1967 – Adelphi Ballroom, West Bromwich (not in John Culley’s diary and clashes with another date in Hayes, Middlesex so could have been cancelled or moved back a day or two?)

    13 October 1967 – Tottenham Royal, Tottenham
    15 October 1967 – Civic Centre, Corby with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and Ferris Wheel
    16 October 1967 – Ice Rink, Bradford
    28 October 1967 – Dreamland Ballroom, Margate, Kent

    15 November 1967 – St Andrew’s Hall, Norwich, Norfolk with Alex Wilson Sect and Rubber Band
    16 November 1967 – Birdcage, Harlow, Essex
    17 November 1967 – Big C Club, Farnborough, Hampshire
    21-25 November 1967 – Greasboro’ Social Club, Doncaster and Kettlethorpe Workingmen’s Club, Wakefield
    28 November 1967 – Bag O’Nails, London

    26 December 1967 – Roller Rink, Birmingham

    1 January 1968 – Sherwood Rooms, Nottingham

    10 February 1968 – Devonshire House, Exeter University, Exeter Devon

  3. 9 October 1967 – Kulttuuritalo, Helsinki, Finland with John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and Eero ja Jussi and the Boys (recorded by Finnish radio, YLE) + TV studio recording for Tunnussävel, a Mainos-TV music programme (broadcast 12 December 1967, tapes no longer exist)

  4. Hello,Yesterday I discovered some great documentary with Reno Washington on the lineup in The Marquee with Hendrix & The Who,etc.I immediately shared it on the Facebook on the grounds that my memory serves me well remembering if one thing I interview him for Radio Figueras at the Platja D’Aro [Girona)Spain gig in 1967.Don’t ask me what we talked about as my broken English must ‘ve been terrible,but if one thing he said he would some time play with Hendrix!

  5. Another gig missing from the list which I found in the Crawley Advertiser is 22 October 1967 at the Starlight Ballroom, Crawley

  6. Found a few more gigs advertised in Melody Maker:

    1 March 1968 – Geno Washington was due to join John Mayall’s Bluesbreakers and others for the ‘Mad Hatters Ball’ at the Albert Hall on this date but the show was cancelled due to slow ticket sales

    9 April 1968 – Pantiles, Bagshot, Surrey

    2 June 1968 – Sherwood Rooms, Nottingham with Isley Brothers, James and Bobby Purify, Jo Jo Cook & The Rackett and Fascination

  7. These gigs are from the Birmingham Evening Mail and are missing from the list above

    28 January 1968 – Club Cedar, Birmingham with Georgie Fame
    17 March 1968 – Hotel Leofic, Coventry, West Midlands
    26 May 1968 – Oasis Club, Birmingham

  8. Birmingham Evening Mail lists two gigs on 1 September 1967 (see comment above for one of the gigs) which clashes with the Botwell House gig, so not sure what gig(s) happened:

    Carlton Ballroom, Erdington, West Midlands and Adelphi Ballroom, West Bromwich

  9. Another missing one from Camberley News and Bagshot Observer:

    2 May 1968 – ‘Star Club’, Agincourt, Camberley, Surrey with The Late

  10. Found some more missing dates in the Northwich Chronicle:

    3 February 1968 – Civic Hall, Nantwich, Cheshire with The Executives

    19 April 1968 – Clockwork Orange, Chester with Granny’s Intentions

    This last one is from South Wales Evening Post:

    20 April 1968 – Glen Ballroom, Llanelli

  11. Another missing one from the Northwich Chronicle:

    15 March 1968 – Clockwork Orange, Chester with The Uncertainty

  12. Few more missing gigs:


    21 October 1967 – Matlock Bath, Matlock with Bread & Butter Band, Thorndyke’s Mordekai’s Imagination


    31 July 1967 – Silver Blades, Bradford

  13. Geno & the RJB played the Kursaal in Southend in 1968. I remember it because it was the last time I saw my gf before she moved to Edmonton, Canada. Cannot remember the date but think it was August/September time. Sorry to be vague.

  14. According to the Yorkshire Evening Post, the Crystal Ballroom (aka Bowl) for the gig on 8 September 1967 had been renamed The Boogaloo Discotheque

  15. The Britannia Theatre gig on 18 June 1967 is a fascinating one as Geno and the band share the bill with Neil Diamond (bottom of the billing!!!) and also The Nite People and Ferris Wheels (North Norfolk News)

  16. Few more gigs:

    16 March 1968 – Cliffs Pavilion, Southend-on-Sea, Essex with support (Southend Standard)

    13 April 1968 – Sports Stadium, Bracknell, Berkshire (Bracknell News)

    5 July 1968 – Kursaal Ballroom, Southend-on-Sea, Essex (Southend Standard)
    12 July 1968 – Locarno, Basildon, Essex (Southend Standard)

  17. A few more missing gigs from the above list:


    14 October 1967 – Flowerpot Club, Digbeth, Birmingham with The Sea Cruisers

    4 November 1967 – Adelphi Ballroom, West Bromwich with Johnny Neale & The Starliners
    27 November 1967 – Queen’s Ballroom, Wolverhampton with The Probe

    18 March 1968 – Queen’s Ballroom, Wolverhampton with The System


    27 April 1968 – Plaza Ballroom, Handsworth, West Midlands

  18. Few more missing from the list:

    Express & Star (Wolverhampton), lists:

    27 April 1967 – Plaza Ballroom, Old Hill (interesting gig as it clashes with one in John Cully’s diary. I doubt this happened)

    26 May 1968 – Oasis Wolverhampton with The Staffords

    Nottingham Evening Post:

    1 August 1967 – Sherwood Rooms, Nottingham with Shades of Grey

  19. The Hull Daily Mail lists this missing one:

    27 October 1967: Skyline Ballroom, Hull with The Roll Movement, Richard G Simpson Band and The Peighton Checks

  20. I was the bass player for Lost, one of the support bands at the Boston Starlight Room gig in December 1967. The venue was packed and it held thousands. Geno and the RJB were, as usual, sensational and the crowd went wild. I watched the set from the wings and at the end of their hour slot they were encored for at least twenty minutes. To my surprise the venue manager came into the wings and demanded they close their set and cursed them blind when they didn’t. His reasoning was that he was losing a fortune in bar takings for every minute they played extra! I remember thinking what a short-sighted t*** he was. His punters were on cloud nine! I wonder if that was why this is the only Boston gig listed.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.